Mexico is located in North America and is bordered from the North by the United States. The country’s total area is 1,972,550 square km, which is about three times the size of Texas. The capital of Mexico is Mexico City, and it is located in the south-central part of the country. Fifty to sixty percent of the Mexican population is people of India/Spain (Mestizo).
In Mexico, groups are defined culturally, so someone who is culturally Mexican in language and dress are called Mestizo. Someone who speaks Indian or dresses Indian is considered Indian. During a person’s life, they can change their group by changing their culture and adapting to the other group’s culture. Now in Mexico, many Indians are becoming Mestizos by changing their Indian culture and learning the Spanish language, but most of the Mexicans speak Spanish.
The three largest cities in Mexico are Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Netzahual-Coyotl. In 1973, Mexico became the first country in Latin America to put a population control policy because from 1940 to 1970, the population increased by 240 percent. During that time, unemployment was a serious problem.
Tourism is a very big business. In 1997, tourism employed 1.8 million people. There are over 8,000 hotels in Mexico. Most tourists are attracted to famous resorts in Cancun and Acapulco, but they also visit shops in Mexico City. Mexico exports stuff like oil, silver, coffee, and cotton, and they import stuff like car parts for assembly, aircrafts, and steel mill products. 1 Mexican Peso (currency) is 0.87 EGP, and 1 Peso is 0.048 USD.
Mexico is very famous for its food, and people from all over the world go to Mexico to try the food. Mexico has no official religion, but more than nine-tenths of the population is Roman Catholic. The government of Mexico is a Federal Republic, and their president is Enrique Peña Nieto.
It has been know that Mexico had problems with the population. From 1940 to 1970, when the population increased, overcrowding in cities was a big problem. During that time, the death rate decreased because they had good preventive medicine and sanitation. Before, the death rate was 33.2 per 1,000 people, but by 1970, it became 10.1 per 1,000. Even with the decreasing death rate, the number of children per women stayed the same, and that caused the increase in population.
Manufacturing is something that has given Mexico a great economic boost. In 1982, manufacturing was 25% of total exports, but in 1999, it increased to about 90%. In 1997, manufacturing employed 16.9% of the labor forces, and that shows its importance. The growth of manufacturing changed Mexico from a country that’s only concerned about protecting and supplying its own needs, to a country that strongly supplies other markets.
By Fareeda Eraky